Once called “manic-depressive,” the currently term Bipolar Disorder is one most people have heard about, characterized by seemingly opposite and extreme mood fluctuations from one extreme to the other. The two poles of bi-polar are the manic episode, where the individual has excessive energy, and the opposite pole, the depressive episode.
Many people generalize these features and I think they apply to a lot of people. While everyone has emotions which at times appear to be extreme, people working the two poles of bi-polar through this disorder are a small portion of the population. Those that are “rapid cyclers,” as they are referred to, are even less common.
The mood swings of Biploar Disorder are extreme, the extent of which almost certainly results in destructive behaviors, such as additions and substance abuse. During a manic episode, someone with Biploar Disorder might speak rapidly and not sleep for 2-3 days and not complain of fatigue. They may go on spending sprees and rack up bills for things they want, but cannot afford.
During a depressive episode, they may avoid daily responsibilities including not only not going to work but they may also avoid basic hygiene and not shower for days, sleep excessively and avoid social relationships.
In recent years, the treatment for Biploar Disorder has improved markedly. Medications can be extremely helpful, coupled with counseling to raise the client’s awareness and identify potential triggers that can result in preventing episodes.